This post include on profile of one of most beautiful cat breed in the world Siamese Cat Hairless along with it’s care and health issues and everything you should know about it by kittenformulas.com
Siamese Cat Hairless
The most distinctive feature of this cat is its appearance of hairlessness. The Sphynx is of medium size and body conformation with surprising weight for its size. The body feels warm and soft to the touch, with a skin texture akin to either a soft peach or a smooth nectarine. The Sphynx is sweet-tempered, lively, and amenable to handling.
Notable for its hairless coat, the sphynx is also a friendly, loving, and energetic show-off who craves human attention. In contrast to her regal looks and serious expression, the sphynx is an acrobatic clown who doesn’t take herself too seriously. She loves to entertain and delight her humans and will follow you around the house like a puppy. If you’re thinking about adopting a sphynx cat, read on for everything you need to know. Sphynx At a glance
Siamese Cat Hairless Breed traits :
Male: Medium: < 12 lbs.
Female: Medium: < 12 lbs.
Longevity Range: 8-14 yrs.
Social/Attention Needs: High
Tendency to Shed: Low
Characteristics: Nearly hairless, can range from completely bald to peach fuzz
Colors: White, black, blue, red, cream, silver, golden, cameo, tortoiseshell, blue-cream, brown
Pattern: Solid color, tortoiseshell, bicolor, tricolor/calico, tabby, ticking, smoke, shaded
Less Allergenic: No
Overall Grooming Needs: High
Cat Association Recognition:
CFA, ACFA , TICA, TICA
The sphynx is a medium-sized cat with a striking appearance, identified by her hairless, wrinkled skin and large ears. She has a sleek, muscular body that is dense and heavy for her size.
The breed is medium sized but nicely muscled.
Her head is triangular with wide-set eyes and prominent cheekbones that call back to the cats of ancient Egypt, a resemblance that inspired the naming of this breed. Apart from being hairless, the sphynx’s most notable feature is her large, triangle-shaped ears that resemble those of a bat.
Although the sphynx appears to be completely bald at first glance, closer inspection will often reveal a very fine, short coat of fuzz that gives the skin the feel of fine suede. It’s the hairlessness that primarily marks a sphynx, with color and pattern lying in the pigmentation patterns of the skin. Color and markings can vary widely and can come in almost any color or pattern, including solid, tabby or tortoiseshell.
The sphynx cat is an energetic, acrobatic performer who loves to show off for attention. She has an unexpected sense of humor that is often at odds with her dour expression.
Friendly and loving, this is a loyal breed who will follow you around the house and try to involve herself in whatever you’re doing, grabbing any opportunity to perch on your shoulder or curl up in your lap. As curious and intelligent as she is energetic, these traits can make her a bit of a handful. For her own safety, the sphynx does best as an exclusively indoor cat, and generally gets along well with children other pets.
The sphynx cat is a strong and hardy breed with few health problems. Although the breed doesn’t have any genetic disease predispositions, a few health conditions have been known to affect sphynx cats, including hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), which is a disease that causes thickening of the heart muscle and can be detected with an echocardiogram, and hereditary myopathy, a condition affecting muscle function, according to Vetstreet. Sphynx cats are sometimes also prone to skin conditions such as urticaria pigmentosa, which causes crusty sores to form on the body. This breed is also prone to periodontal disease and should be provided with regular teeth brushing and dental checkups.
When adopting a sphynx cat, avoid breeders who refuse to offer a health guarantee on kittens or who make claims that their line is guaranteed HCM-free. Although this condition isn’t hereditary, it’s a fairly common form of heart disease in cats and no breeder can guarantee with absolute certainty that a cat won’t develop HCM.
This is an active breed who enjoys jumping, playing and climbing, as well as normal cat scratching. Scratching surfaces should be provided, along with places to climb and perch.
Despite her hairlessness, the sphynx is not considered hypoallergenic because her skin still produces normal amounts of allergy-causing dander. Sphynx cats tend to have oily skin and need to be bathed regularly to avoid becoming greasy.
Special care should also be taken to protect these cats from sunburn and skin damage, as well as from cold temperatures, although the sphynx tends to be an expert at finding snug places to curl up and get warm. Nevertheless, sweaters and coats tailored to the sphynx cat are commercially available. The ears should also be checked weekly for wax buildup and gently wiped with a cotton ball dipped in a gentle ear-cleaning solution as necessary.
Originally named the Canadian hairless, the sphynx got its start in Toronto, Canada in 1966 when a litter of domestic shorthair kittens included a hairless kitten as the result of a naturally occurring genetic mutation.
Although other hairless kittens had been born prior to this, the sphynx as we know it today is the result of selectively breeding these hairless cats to normal-coated cats and then breeding their offspring back again to other hairless cats, a process that has not only produced the desired breed characteristics but also served to widen the gene pool to produce a genetically hardy breed of cat, according to Cattime.
But it wasn’t until 2002 that the Cat Fanciers’ Association accepted the sphynx for competition in the championship class, and other cat associations quickly followed suit.
If the sphynx looks familiar to you, you might be thinking of Mr. Bigglesworth, the cat belonging to Dr. Evil in the Austin Powers movies, played by a sphynx by the name of Ted NudeGent. And on the TV show Friends, the character Rachel, played by Jennifer Aniston, once adopted a sphynx.
While the sphynx’s unusual looks are attention-grabbing and might even be off-putting to some people, what these cats lack in fur is more than made up for in personality. Although sphynx owners are often initially attracted to the shock value of having a hairless cat, not to mention the lack of shedding to deal with, most will tell you that they fell in love with their sphynx, who proved to be a delightful pet. If you’re looking for a fun and affectionate companion, you need look no further than the sphynx.
5 out of 5
4 out of 5
Friendliness To Other Pets
4 out of 5
Friendliness To Children
4 out of 5
5 out of 5
4 out of 5
Need for Attention
5 out of 5
Affection Toward Its Owners
5 out of 5
4 out of 5
5 out of 5
1 out of 5
3 out of 5
To say Sphynxes are lively is an understatement; they perform monkey-like aerialist feats from the top of doorways and bookshelves. Very devoted and loyal, they follow their humans around, wagging their tails doggy fashion, kneading with their padded toes, and purring with delight at the joy of being near their beloved humans. They demand your unconditional attention and are as mischievous (and lovable) as children. And despite all that and their alien appearance, they are still entirely cats, with all the mystery and charm that has fascinated humankind for thousands of years. While the Sphynx may not be for everyone, its unique appearance and charming temperament has won it an active, enthusiastic following.
The Sphynx is not the first instance of hairlessness in domestic cats. This natural, spontaneous mutation has been seen in various locations around the world for more than a century, and probably much longer.
The Book of the Cat by Frances Simpson, published in 1903, mentioned a pair of gray and white hairless cats, Dick and Nellie, belonging to an Albuquerque, New Mexico cat lover named F. J. Shinick. Called the “Mexican Hairless,” these cats looked similar to today’s Sphynx, and supposedly were obtained from Indians around Albuquerque. According to Mr. Shinick’s letter, “The old Jesuit Fathers tell me they are the last of the Aztec breed known only in New Mexico.” It’s unknown if that was true, but Dick and Nellie died without producing offspring.
In 1950, a pair of Siamese cats in Paris, France, produced a litter that included three hairless kittens. The results were repeated in subsequent matings of the same pair, but breeding the parents to other Siamese cats produced no new hairless kittens. Other hairless felines turned up in Morocco, Australia, North Carolina, and, in 1966, in Roncesvalles, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, where a pair of domestic shorthairs produced a litter that included a hairless kitten named Prune. A breeder obtained the parents and began a breeding program; the breed was named the Canadian Hairless. Prune was mated with his mother, which produced one hairless kitten.
In 1970, CFA granted provisional status to the breed. This line had a number of difficulties; the gene pool was limited, and some kittens died from undiagnosed health problems. In 1971, CFA withdrew the recognition due to the breed’s health problems. The last of Prune’s line was sent to Holland to Dr. Hugo Hernandez in the 1970s. In 1978 and 1980, two hairless female kittens believed to be related to Prune were found in Toronto. They were sent to Holland to be bred with Prune’s last surviving male descendant. One female conceived, but she lost the litter. None of Prune’s descendants went on to become the Sphynx breed we know today.
In 1975, Minnesota farm owners Milt and Ethelyn Pearson discovered a hairless kitten had been born to their normal-coated farm cat, Jezabelle. This kitten, named Epidermis, was joined the next year by another hairless kitten named Dermis. Both were sold to Oregon breeder Kim Mueske, who used the kittens to develop the Sphynx breed. Georgiana Gattenby of Brainerd, Minnesota, also worked with kittens from the Pearson line, using Cornish Rex as an outcross.
At almost the same time (1978), Siamese breeder Shirley Smith of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, found three hairless kittens on the streets of her neighborhood, which she named Bambi, Punkie, and Paloma. The descendants of Bambi, Punkie, and Paloma in Canada, along with the descendants of Epidermis and Dermis in Oregon, became the foundation of today’s Sphynx. The breed has made considerable strides since its inception.
While most fanciers have welcomed the Sphynx as unique and exotic, some members of the cat fancy wish that the Sphynx would put on some clothes. Like other breeds that have diverged from the basic design, the Sphynx has drawn some negative attention. In addition, the gene that governs hairlessness can be considered a genetic disorder, since the cat is more susceptible to both heat and cold. On the other hand, fanciers argue that we humans are more or less hairless compared with our closest relatives, and with a dap of sunscreen we manage to get by just fine.
Association acceptance followed the breed’s creation quite rapidly for such an unusual breed. TICA accepted the breed for championship in 1986. In 1992, CCA recognized the Sphynx for championship. In 1994, ACFA followed suit. In 1998, CFA recognized the new and improved Sphynx lines for registration and in 2002 accepted the breed for championship. The breed is now recognized by all North American cat associations, as well as Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFe) and the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) in Europe.
Body is medium length, hard, and muscular with broad rounded chest and full round abdomen. The rump is well-rounded and muscular. Back line rises just behind the shoulder blades to accommodate longer back legs when standing. Boning is medium. Neck is medium in length, rounded, well-muscled, with a slight arch.
Modified wedge, slightly longer than it is wide, with prominent cheekbones, a distinctive whisker break, and whisker pads giving a squared appearance to the muzzle. The skull is slightly rounded with a flat plane in front of the ears. The nose is straight, and there is a slight to moderate palpable stop at the bridge of the nose. Prominent, rounded cheekbones which define the eye and form a curve above the whisker break.
Large to very large. Broad at the base, open and upright. When viewed from the front, the outer base of the ear should begin at the level of the eye, neither low set nor on top of the head. The interior of the ears is naturally without furnishing.
Large, lemon shaped, with wide-open center while coming to a definite point on each side. Placement should be at a slight upward angle, aligning with the outer base of the ear. Eyes to be set wide apart with the distance between the eyes being a minimum of one eye width.
Legs & Paws
Legs are medium in proportion to the body. They are sturdy and well-muscled with rear legs being slightly longer than the front. Paws are oval with well-knuckled toes; five in front and four behind. The paw pads are thick, giving the appearance of walking on cushions.
Slender, flexible, and long while maintaining proportion to body length. Whip-like, tapering to a fine point.
Appearance of this cat is one of hairlessness. Short, fine hair may be present on the feet, outer edges of the ears and the tail. The bridge of the nose should be normally coated. The remainder of the body can range from completely hairless to a covering of soft peach-like fuzz whose length does not interfere with the appearance of hairlessness. This coat/skin texture creates a feeling of resistance when stroking the cat. There are usually no whiskers, but if whiskers are present they are short and sparse.